Friday, 14 March 2014

How to create a LAN connection for different PCs uses Windows OS

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Nowadays all PCs and Laptops have internally installed wireless card for the sharing purposes. But some of the PCs have not this wireless card so when they have to share data or information to each other, than they uses externally crossover cable called LAN (Local Area Network).

Need of creating LAN connection and Hardware required the LAN connection

What is the need of Local Area Network connection? Simply we can say that it provides the easiest way of sharing files or information between PCs in organisation and home. Files sharing and transferring of files can be done easily. The other main advantages are like its data transfer rate is very high. For creating a LAN connection between PCs you need simply an Ethernet cables or LAN cables on which “Crossover” or “Patch” is written on the cord.

Here we are discussing LAN connection for the different Windows operating system such as Window XP, Vista and Macintosh OS, step by step procedures is given below.

Creating LAN connection for Windows XP

In windows XP operating system, the necessary steps for LAN connection technologies for the sharing purpose are given below:

Step 1
Connect the LAN cables between both the systems and Click on Start button than go to Control Panel and select Network Connection.

Step 2
Right click on Local Area Network connection and select properties tab. Now select internet protocol and click on Properties.

Step 3
After clicking on properties you will see the following tab in which you have to enter the IP address, Subnet mask and Default gateway.

IP address: 192.126.0.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: empty

Step 4
Now follow the first two steps in similar ways on second PCs and select the internet protocol properties and enter the following IP address, Subnet mask and Default gateway and then click OK

IP address: 192.168.0.2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.1
Default gateway: empty

Step 5
Now both the systems are ready for sharing and transferring, you might need to be restarts both the systems. And if you want to share files, right click on files and click on Sharing and select share.
[NOTE]: The name of the both system must be unique while the work group name must be identical.

Creating a LAN connection for the Windows Vista operating system

Local Area Network Connection for the system using Window Vista operating system is also similar to the Window XP except some changes. Step by step connecting procedure is given below:

Step 1
Firstly connect the Crossover cable between the system which have to transfer file or share network for the internet connection and at least one of the system must uses Window Vista operating system.

Step 2
Go to start button and click on Control Panel and select the “Network and Sharing”.

Step 3
Clicking on the network and sharing center, select your network which is shown at the top of the network and sharing tab, and then select the undefined network by double click on it.

Step 4
Here you have to enter the IP address: 192.186.0.1, Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default gateway: empty, click OK and similar steps are performed in second system but there you have to change the IP address to 192.168.0.2 and remaining are similar to the previous system.

Step 5
Now for sharing TURN ON the “network discovery and file sharing” and you’re asked for the password, type the admin password.

Setup LAN connection for system using Macintosh OS

Macintosh operating system is used in the APPLE system. So if you are thinking to transfer and share file between the systems which use Macintosh OS (Operating System) through LAN connection. So here I am with the step by step process of connecting crossover cables between the systems.

Step 1
Connect the crossover cable in the Ethernet port (LAN connection port) on both system and if there is no Ethernet port than USB to Ethernet adapter can be used.

Step 2
Select network preferences panel and click on the show network port configuration and checked the Ethernet status. If Ethernet is active than it is shown in the “Network Preference” tab i.e. Ethernet: active.

Step 3
Now open the Sharing preference and activate the Personal File Sharing, where you see the address in the form of “afp://192.168.0.2” where afp stands for the Apple File Protocol.

Step 4
Now you have to setup the second system for sharing. Click on the Network icon and set the same name as setup by the first system and you may be asked for the password, after typing password you will be able to share file.

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